88 / 100

Five Years of Cannabis Legalization in Canada: A Comprehensive Review of Progress and Challenges

Written By :


Canada’s decision to legalize recreational cannabis in October 2018 marked a historic moment for the country, making it the first G7 nation to embrace such a policy. Five years on, this comprehensive review examines the notable achievements and ongoing challenges in the wake of this significant policy shift.

1. Economic Benefits of Cannabis Legalization

1.1 Job Creation and Economic Boost

One of the standout accomplishments of cannabis legalization is the significant economic growth it has spurred. The nascent legal cannabis sector has become a considerable source of employment, generating thousands of jobs across the country. Job opportunities span various facets of the industry, from cultivation and production to retail and distribution.

1.2 Tax Revenue Generation

In addition to job creation, the legal sale of cannabis products has resulted in substantial tax revenue for the government. This additional income has been redirected to fund various public programs and services, demonstrating the economic viability of the legal cannabis market. 

2. Reduction in Illegal Cannabis Trade

2.1 Legal vs. Illegal Market Dynamics

Legalizing cannabis was also aimed at reducing the size of the illicit cannabis market. In this regard, significant progress has been made since legalization. Legal, regulated products have started to compete effectively with illegal alternatives, making it harder for illicit dealers to thrive. This development has positive implications for public safety and the reduction of criminal activities associated with the illegal drug trade.


3. Enhancing Public Health and Safety

3.1 Quality Control and Safe Consumption

In the realm of public health and safety, the legalization of cannabis has paved the way for better regulatory control over product quality and safety. Consumers now have access to products that undergo rigorous testing and carry accurate labeling. This transparency allows for safer and more informed consumption choices.

3.2 Public Awareness and Responsible Usage

In addition to regulatory oversight, the legalization of cannabis has facilitated increased public awareness about responsible cannabis usage and potential health risks linked to excessive consumption. The promotion of responsible use and harm reduction are central to Canada’s public health approach to cannabis legalization.

4. Advancements in Cannabis Research

4.1 Unlocking New Research Opportunities

The legalization of cannabis has unlocked new opportunities for research into its potential medical benefits and drawbacks. Scientists and researchers can now conduct studies that were previously restricted, contributing to a broader and more nuanced understanding of cannabis and its potential therapeutic applications.

4.2 Medical Breakthroughs and Developments

Emerging research findings have led to the development of cannabis-based medical treatments for conditions like epilepsy and chronic pain. These breakthroughs underline the importance of continued research in this domain to fully understand the medical potential of cannabis.

5. Youth Cannabis Use: A Major Concern

5.1 Rise in Cannabis Consumption Among Youth

One of the principal concerns associated with cannabis legalization is its potential impact on youth consumption rates. Critics argue that legalizing cannabis may make it more accessible to young people, leading to increased use and potential negative consequences for their developing brains.

5.2 Efforts to Curb Youth Cannabis Use

To address this concern, stricter regulations and public education campaigns targeting youth have been implemented. These initiatives aim to prevent underage access to cannabis and promote awareness of the associated risks.

6. The Issue of Impaired Driving

6.1 Spike in Cannabis-Related Road Incidents

Another significant challenge arising from cannabis legalization is the issue of impaired driving. The legalization of cannabis has raised concerns about an increase in road incidents involving drivers under the influence of cannabis.

6.2 Law Enforcement Response and Public Awareness

In response to this challenge, law enforcement agencies have adopted new methods of detecting cannabis impairment and enforcing related laws. Alongside these enforcement measures, education and awareness campaigns about the dangers of driving under the influence of cannabis have been launched.

7. Supply Chain Challenges

7.1 Initial Hurdles and Product Shortages

In the initial phases of legalization, the cannabis industry faced several supply chain issues, including product shortages and licensing delays for producers. These challenges disrupted the market and impacted consumers.

7.2 Regulatory Measures to Improve the Supply Chain

Since then, regulatory bodies have been working to streamline the licensing process and improve the overall supply chain. These efforts are essential to ensure the sustainable growth of the legal cannabis market.

8. Pricing and Taxation Issues

8.1 High Prices of Legal Cannabis

The pricing of legal cannabis products is another contentious issue. The inclusion of taxes in the final price of legal cannabis products has made them more expensive than their illegal counterparts. This price disparity has led some consumers to continue purchasing from illegal sources.

8.2 Balancing Government Revenue and Competitive Pricing

Striking a balance between generating revenue for the government and offering competitively priced products remains a delicate task. Some provinces have introduced price reductions and promotions to make legal cannabis more competitive with the black market.

9. Future Outlook and Conclusion

9.1 Continued Evaluation and Regulatory Adjustments

As Canada marks the fifth anniversary of cannabis legalization, it’s crucial to continue assessing the impact of this policy shift and adjust regulations and strategies accordingly. The Canadian experience offers valuable insights for other nations considering similar cannabis legalization initiatives.

9.2 The Road Ahead

While challenges persist, Canada’s decision to legalize cannabis has brought about significant changes in society and the economy. The economic growth, reduction in illicit trade, improved public health and safety, and research opportunities are notable achievements. However, concerns about youth use, impaired driving, supply chain issues, and pricing continue to be areas of focus.

As the landscape of cannabis legalization continues to evolve, the need for ongoing research, public education, and regulatory refinement remains paramount. Only through continued diligence can the full potential of cannabis legalization be realized while mitigating its potential risks.

Clients are able to receive a free 30-minute consultation with a company representative to get a better understanding of what they need.

Let Us Do the hard work for you



How We Can Help:​

MFLRC is a one-stop shop for all of your Licensing, quality assurance and compliance needs. Our team has years of experience in the cannabis industry and are experts in all facets. We offer a variety of services that will save you time and money. Let us take the burden off your shoulders so you can focus on what’s important – growing your business.

Contact us Now!

  • Email:
  • Call:1-647-544-7367



Mussarat Fatima, President, and owner of MF Cannabis License and Regulatory Consultants has more than twenty years of experience in Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and Regulatory Affairs within the pharmaceutical, Food and Cannabis industries. She has a Master’s Degree in Food Sciences and Biochemistry; in addition to this, she also has a diploma in pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Regulatory Affairs, and Quality Control. Also, she has completed several certifications specifically in Cannabis Quality Assurance, Regulatory Affairs, and Facility management from recognized institutes in Canada.

mflrc Mussarat Fatima

Written By: Mussarat Fatima
President at MF License & Regulatory Consultants

Share with others